Debra Rogers ~ November 13, 2019
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Okay Britt, we are still in Siena. The Palio hasn't happened yet and we had time to go through the Duomo. Let's see what you remember.
1. Siena's Duomo was built between 1215 and 1263 and designed in part by Gothic master Nicola Pisano. His son, Giovanni, drew up the plans for the lower half of the facade, begun in 1285. In what other city did we see work by the Pisanos?
The 14th century was a time of great wealth and power for Siena, and plans were made to expand the cathedral into a great church that would dwarf even St. Peter's in Rome. The already-large Duomo would form just the transept of the new huge cathedral.
Expansion got underway in 1339 with construction on a new nave off the Duomo's right transept. But in 1348, the ________________swept through the city and killed 4/5 of Siena's population. The giant cathedral was never completed, and the half-finished walls of the Duomo Nuovo (New Cathedral) survive as a monument to Siena's ambition and one-time wealth.
2. Select your answer from the following:
If Other please specify:
3. Look at the photo to the right and tell me the style of architecture. This is a trick question because you will think it is one, but it is really the other! There is a hint in question 1.
4. We stood in a crowd of 28,000 all day long to watch this. What is it?
The Pal hao
5. Who is this guy?
The pizza delivery man
Your own answer
6. Whose head is in this church in Siena while her body rests in Rome?
Joan of Arc
Helen of Troy
Catherine of Siena
Catherine of Alexandria
7. The golden mosaics in the upper gables were made by Venetian artists based on drawings of 1878 by the Sienese painters Luigi Mussini and Alessandro Franchi. The centre gable, shown to the right is:
The presentation of Mary at the temple
The Coronation of Mary
Let's talk about virgins for a while.The definition of the word virgin changed sometime during the medieval and early Christian times. Originally the word virgin meant "A woman who is free to choose her lovers, without bondage to any social rule created by man, a woman not possessed by any man, a woman who shares or owns land, a woman who is chief, ruler, warrior, lover or any gift expressed without suppression. A female who is sexually responsible and free and hence socially her own person." Don't you think it is interesting that somehow it got changed?
Here is an interesting article
(I'll put this link on the answer page too.
8. Why do you think the definition of virgin was changed?